|“Open Education: The Moral, Business & Policy Case for OER” by Dr. Cable Green
Dr. Cable Green, Director of Open Education, Creative CommonsThe Internet, increasingly affordable computing and bandwidth, open licensing, open access journals and open educational resources (OER) provide the foundation for a world in which a higher education can be a basic human right. Governments and foundations are supporting this shift with a move to open policies: requiring public access to publicly (and foundation) funded resources. Dr. Cable Green, Director of Open Education at Creative Commons, will provide an overview of open licensing and OER, and discuss specific examples where institution, provinces / states, nations and foundations have moved the default on funding from “closed” to “open.” He will also explore new OER projects that are pushing open education further into the mainstream.
- 29 colleges and universities and K12 districts with 300 attendees at the 2017 Lansing Community College OER Summit.
- Lansing CC has an “Operation 100%” where all students will be successful. In order to meet this goal there was a need for equity and zeroing in on textbook costs.
47 faculty in 15 courses saving over $800,000 at Lansing Community College
- Goal at Lansing is to get zero degrees, for students and faculty. Education needs to be about sharing, knowledge, and possibilities for all students.
- Digital + Open Licensing + Internet = Share at the Cost of Zero
- Internet Enables Copyright Forbids
- OER is any kind of teaching material – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, recordings, exams that provides:
- Free and Unfettered Access
- Free Copyright Permissions to Engage in the 5 R Activities
- Keep, make, and maintain and own copies
- Use in a wide range of ways
- Adapt, modify, and improve
- Open is not equal to Free – Open is Free + Legal Permissions to be able to use the 5R’s.
- Retain is fundamental because if you don’t have a copy you can’t reuse, revise, or remix.
- Consumer Price Index January 2006 – 2016
- 88% textbooks have gone up
- 21% all goods
- 63% tuition
- Average cost of a textbook $174 for highest enrollment courses
- US PIRG Report, 2014
- 65% of students decided against buying a required textbook because of cost
- 50% of students said that cost of textbooks impacted how many and which classes they took
- 82% students said that they would have done better if they had access to the resources in the course
- 2016 Student Textbook and Course Materials Survey from Florida Virtual Campus
- creativecommons.org – CC is a global non-profit organization.
- Licenses via CC
- Attribution – Not optional, if someone uses your work they have to give credit
- ShareAlike – Optional, if you take my work and change it, you have to share
- NonCommercial – Optional, you cannot sell it
- NoDerivatives – Optional, you cannot change it (in education, try to stay away from this)
- State of the Commons Report
- 1.1 billion CC licensed works – Tripled in 5 Years
- 136 billion viewed licensed CC works
- Lansing Community College
- 1,950 x $154 = $300,000 per year ($800,000 savings with courses at LCC so far…)
- Washington Community College
- Highest enroll is English Comp 1
- 62,000+ enrollments x $128 per textbook = $8 million ever year (1/3 students, state financial aid, federal financial aid)
- opencourselibrary.org was created in Washington to address the spending of financial resources that are being spent.
- OpenStax textbooks have saved $148 million saved to date + $70 million in 2016-2017. Lansing CC is an institutional partner and so it GRCC.
- Open Textbook Library – open.umn.edu/opentextbooks is a curated set of resources and textbooks. British Columbia also has a resource.
- OER potential is saving billions per year.
- University of Maryland University College – Uses OER to take textbooks to zero and uses that as a recruiting tool.
- Z-DEGREE – Tidewater Community College
- How can you find OER?
- Creative Commons
- Disposable Assignments
- Students hate them
- Teachers hate them
- Huge waste of time and energy
>>> Enter Renewable Assignments >>>
Let’s spend time in our courses with students to contribute to the global community, leveraging real world applicable assignments… and sharing back using open content.
- Renewable Assignments
- Students see value
- Teachers see value
- The world is a better place in the end… eg. Flint Water Crisis analysis in a political science and statistics classes… and contribute this work to an open textbook resources…
- How is OER changing K12 Education?
$130 million per year is spent in the state of Washington on K12 Textbooks
- Textbooks in Washington are:
- Books are on average 7-10 years old.
- Paper only books.
- Students can’t write/highlight in books.
- Student can’t keep books at the end of the year
- All rights reserved and teachers can’t update.
- Parents often pay for lost paper books.
- Isn’t there a better way? Rather than spending $130 million per year, let’s spend some money in the state to develop our own OER resources in the state! See Open Washington Network
- New Zealand Creative Commons
- Leicester City Council
- Poland – 50% of kids cannot afford resources. “naszelementarz”
- Lumen Learning Textbook Cost Calculator
- Benefits of OER
- Increate Access – open access license materials provide
- Save Money – repurposing financial aid spend on static textbooks for other pressing student financial needs.
- Keep Content Relevant, Effective and High Quality – Fix error immediately!
- Empower Faculty – Give faculty the best content and the ability to adapt content for benefiting students.
- OER Initiative – How to advance on your campus:
- Raise Awareness
- College Support for Adaption and Adoption (Release Time, Instructional Designer and Staff Support, Stipends)
- Funding (Rededicate funds for the campus to innovative efforts…)
- Creation and Adaption of OER in Tenure and Promotion
Publicly funding projects should be openly licensed, we as taxpayers are paying for it!
There is tremendous potential in leveraging open education resources in education. How can we transform teaching and learning using OER?